The study is conducted by the Nearshoring Blog in conjunction with Levi9 Global Sourcing to analyze the issues of the EU leading economies associated with the lack of qualified IT specialists as well as existing labor restrictions and multicultural problems that slowdown countries innovation and post-recession recovery.
The issue of this series coincides with the first international report on shortage of IT specialists published by UNESCO in October 2010. The report features escalating demand for engineering talent across the EU as well as indicates serious shortage of engineers in most sectors.
The Nearshore study. Part II Netherlands - European leader in IT innovation
The second part of study concentrates on the Netherlands. The Dutch economy is among leaders in innovative activity and highly relies on the hi-tech sector. From this point the ability of Dutch economy to supply businesses with highly-qualified resources seen as a crucial prerequisite for post-recession recovery and further economic growth.
With this aspect in mind we decided to concentrate the second part of our study on the potential of Dutch IT service market, its needs in terms of supply of highly-qualified IT specialists and current labor regulations and multiculturalism issues preventing Dutch businesses from immigration of foreign work and as a result slowdown in growth and post-recession recovery.
Please note: The following chapters present the first part of the study content providing details of the analysis of Dutch IT service market as well as current trends and issues on the labor market, and its ability to meet the demand for hi-tech specialists.
The full paper can be accessed by following this link or in “researches” section of our blog.
In the last decade, an increasing demand for high skilled hi-tech workers and engineers could be observed in most the EU leading economies. This development has been associated with the development of increasingly integrated labour markets and the appearance of skill-biased technological change which is often ascribed to the acceleration of technological developments in the information and communication technology (ICT).
In the first chapter of this series we examined the current situation on IT labor market in Germany - the EU largest economy and world’s leading exporter along with its effect on further economic growth.
The study confirmed that German economy and labor market experience rather opposite trends:
- from one side there is a booming demand for German goods and services, particularly from Asia, which result in growing trade surplus and customer confidence
- from another part Germany experiencing a real labor crisis. Market surveys indicate that the country is in desperate need for skilled specialists and engineers with overall 400 000 positions unfulfilled only in IT
The survey conducted for famous German IT sector magazine revealed that a high percentage of businesses questioned for the poll said they had declined contracts during the first half of 2010 because they did not have enough staff to take on the extra work.
Businesses cannot fill open jobs with suitable candidates and the lack of labour is developing into a dangerous brake on growth, particularly for small and medium-sized companies,” said Marie-Christine Ostermann, chairwoman of the employers’ association Young Businesses-BJU, which co-commissioned the survey.
Data on similar trends has been observed in other EU developed economies such as France, UK and the Netherlands. Especially the latter, as the Netherlands is one of European leaders in technological innovation and world’s largest exporter of IT services and chip manufacturing.
Netherlands - European leader in IT innovation
The Netherlands can fairly be considered as a hi-tech engine of the European Union. The following facts just prove this statement:
- Some 70 percent of all innovation in the Netherlands is IT-related. The country is a world’s leader in ICT patent applications with more than a half of all patents submitted by Dutch companies and organizations are related to hi-tech sector.
- The country is a world’s fourth-largest exporter of IT related services with software sector contributes annually 17.3 billion euros to the Dutch economy
- Netherlands is a world’s leader in embedded systems and a world leader in chip manufacturing equipment
- The country is one of the most 'wired' countries in the world, with broadband network is the second-highest in Europe and over 90% of Dutch households have a computer
Apart from all this the country boasts of the region’s most advanced infrastructure and hosts a number of high-capacity networks used for R&D purposes, thereby providing platforms for global software developers, hardware companies and IT consultancies.
Shift to Service Model
Such progress in information technology along with increasing role in Europe’s business and scientific areas contributed to the further shift of Dutch economy from the production to the service based.
IT services became more tradable and Dutch IT sector achieved a record growth of 4.2 percent in 2007, exceeding GDP and average European IT industry growth of 2.9 percent, with the software sub-sector showing growth of 9.5 percent. IT market in the Netherlands experienced a fast growth over last decade developing in a 30 billion market already in 2007.
Demand for hi-tech specialists
Rapid technological advances and increasing use of information and communications technology (ICT) have increased demand for skilled labour dramatically. Before the crisis, Dutch IT industry employed over 255,000 people; or 3.5 percent of the total workforce.
Demand for information technology workers in the Dutch services sector continued to grow despite the crisis. The industry labor market surveys showed that IT specialists have become a hot property in the Netherlands because too few young people entered the field over the last decade and national educational system cannot meet the demand for hi-tech specialists.
As it was indicated in the first part of the study the Netherlands follows similar to Germany trend where hi-tech and engineering trades falling in popularity. Contrary to
the country’s growing role in Europe’s IT innovation young population in the Netherlands is not rushing to get IT education.
“The decline in engineering’s popularity among students is apparently due to a perception that the subject is boring and hard work, and engineering has a negative environmental impact, and may be seen as part of the problem rather than the solution,” explains Tony Marjoram, the Report Magazine editor.
Despite the high salaries in the sector the image of hi-tech professions still stays at the relatively to other sectors low rank in the Netherlands. As result local institutes and universities do not produce enough qualified graduates while at the same time aging generation of old-school engineers comes to retirement.
With overall shortage of hi-tech specialists and engineers comes to 1.2 million in the EU - based on data provided by European Round Table of Industrialists - the Netherlands together with Germany, France and UK responsible for a lion share of that shortage.
Please note: The previous chapters presented only the first part of the study content. The full paper can be accessed by following this link or in “researches” section of our blog.